The Names of Jesus in Scripture

The Names of Jesus by Jack Kettler

The name of the Savior Jesus is significant in New Testament usage in that it is comparable the use of the name of God in the Old Testament.

The original Hebrew-Aramaic name of Jesus is yeshu‘a, which is short for yehōshu‘a or Joshua. The etymological account of the name Jesus is as follows: in Hebrew/Aramaic yeshu‘a in Greek it became Iēsous, then Latin Iesus, and then into English as Jesus.

Here is just some of what the Scripture says about the name of Jesus:

“For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.” (Matthew 18:20) (Yellow highlighting mine)

“But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become Children of God, to those who believe in His name.” (John 1:12)

“And His name, through faith in His name, has made this man strong, whom you see and know. Yes, the faith which comes through Him has given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.” (Acts 3:16)

“Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.” (Acts 4:12)

“And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, given thanks to God the father through Him.” (Colossians 3:17)

When you study the names of Jesus in Scripture, you will see Him in a more profound way.

The following is an abbreviated list of names of the Lord Jesus Christ appearing in the New Testament. In addition, His prophetic names appearing in the Old Testament.

The Strong’ number is listed in between the Hebrew or Greek word followed by the transliteration for study convenience.

Example one Hebrew: Shiloh – (שִׁיל֔וֹ) 7886 (šî-lōw,

Example 2 Greek: High Priest – ἀρχιερέα 749 archierea

The names of our Lord:

Almighty – Παντοκράτωρ 3841 Pantokratōr

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8)

Alpha And Omega – Ἄλφα, 1 Alpha – Ὦ, 5598 Ō

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” (Revelation 1:8)

Apostle of our Profession – Ἀπόστολον 652 Apostolon – ὁμολογίας 3671 homologias

“Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession.” (Hebrews 3:1)

Amen – Ἀμήν 281 Amēn

“And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God’s creation.” (Revelation 3:14)

Author (founder) and Finisher (perfecter) – ἀρχηγὸν 747 archēgon – τελειωτὴν 5051 teleiōtēn

“Looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.” (Hebrews 12:2)

Beloved – Ἠγαπημένῳ, 25 Ēgapēmenō

“To the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.” (Ephesians 1:6)

Beloved Servant – ἀγαπητός 27 agapētos – παῖς 3816 pais

“Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.” (Matthew 12:18)

Blessed And Only Potentate – μακάριος 3107 makarios – μόνος 3441 monos – Δυνάστης, 1413 Dynastēs

“Which he will display at the proper time he who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords.” (1Timothy 6:15)

Beginning of God’s Creation – ἀρχὴ 746 archē – Θεοῦ 2316 Theou – κτίσεως 2937 ktiseōs

“And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God’s creation.” (Revelation 3:14)

Branch – וְנֵ֖צֶר 5342 wə-nê-ṣer

“There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.” (Isaiah 11:1)

Bread of Life – ἄρτος 740 artos – ζωῆς· 2222 zōēs

“Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.” (John 6:35)

Bridegroom – νυμφίος; 3566 nymphios

“And Jesus said to them, “Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.” (Matthew 9:15)

Bright Morning Star – λαμπρός, 2986 lampros – πρωϊνός. 4407 prōinos – ἀστὴρ 792 astēr

“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” (Revelation 22:16)

Captain of Salvation – ἀρχηγὸν 747 archēgon – σωτηρίας 4991 sōtērias

“For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the captain of their salvation perfect through suffering.” (Hebrews 2:10)

Chief Shepherd – Ἀρχιποίμενος 750 Archipoimenos

“And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.” (1Peter 5:4)

Carpenter – τέκτων, 5045 tektōn

“Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? And they took offense at him.” (Mark 6:3)

Chosen One – ἐκλεκτός. 1588 eklektos

“And the people stood by, watching, but the rulers scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself, if he is the Christ of God, his Chosen One!” (Luke 23:35)

Consolation of Israel – παράκλησιν 3874 paraklēsin – Ἰσραήλ, 2474 Israēl

“Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.” (Luke 2:25)

Christ of God – Χριστὸν 5547 Christon – Θεοῦ. 2316 Theou

“Then he said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” And Peter answered, “The Christ of God.” (Luke 9:20)

The Cornerstone – ἀκρογωνιαίου 204 akrogōniaiou

“Built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone.” (Ephesians 2:20)

Dayspring – ἀνατολὴ 395 anatolē

“Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring (the Sunshine) from on high hath visited us.” (Luke 1:78)

Deliverer – Ῥυόμενος, 4506 Rhyomenos

“And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion; he will banish ungodliness from Jacob.” (Romans 11:26)

Desire of the Nations – חֶמְדַּ֣ת 2532 ḥem-daṯ – הַגּוֹיִ֔ם 1471 hag-gō-w-yim,

“And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.” (Haggai 2:7)

Door – θύρα· 2374 thyra

“I am the door. If anyone enters by me, he will be saved and will go in and out and find pasture.” (John 10:9)

Everlasting Father – אֲבִיעַ֖ד 5703 ’ă-ḇî-‘aḏ

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

Emmanuel – אֵֽל׃ 6005 ’êl.

“Therefore, the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.” (Isaiah 7:14)

Faithful Witness – πιστός, 4103 pistos – μάρτυς 3144 martys

“And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.” (Revelation 1:5)

First and Last – πρῶτος 4413 prōtos – ἔσχατος 2078 eschatos

“When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, “Fear not, I am the first and the last.” (Revelation 1:17)

First Begotten – πρωτότοκος 4416 prōtotokos

“And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.” (Revelation 1:5)

Forerunner – πρόδρομος 4274 prodromos

“Where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 6:20)

Glory of the Lord – כְּב֣וֹד 3519 kə-ḇō-wḏ – יְהוָ֑ה 3068 Yah-weh;

“And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the LORD has spoken.” (Isaiah 40:5)

God – יְהוָ֑ה 3068 Yah-weh;

“A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD; make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” (Isaiah 40:3)

God Blessed – Θεὸς 2316 Theos – εὐλογητὸς 2128 eulogētos

“To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.” (Romans 9:5)

Good Shepherd – καλός. 2570 kalos – ποιμὴν 4166 poimēn

“I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” (John 10:11)

High Priest – ἀρχιερέα 749 archierea

“Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.” (Hebrews 4:14)

Head of the Church – κεφαλὴ 2776 kephalē – τῆς 3588 tēs – ἐκκλησίας, 1577 ekklēsias

“For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior.” (Ephesians 5:23)

Apostle and High Priest – Ἀπόστολον 652 Apostolon – Ἀρχιερέα 749 Archierea

“Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession.” (Hebrews 3:1)

Holy One – Ἅγιος 40 Hagios

“What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God.” (Mark 1:24)

Hope – ἐλπίδος 1680 elpidos

“Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope.” (1Timothy 1:1)

A Horn of Salvation – κέρας 2768 keras – σωτηρίας 4991 sōtērias

“And has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David.” (Luke 1:69)

I Am – ἐγὼ 1473 egō – εἰμί. 1510 eimi

“Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” (John 8:58)

Image of God – εἰκὼν 1504 eikōn – Θεοῦ. 2316 Theou

“In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” (2Corinthians 4:4)

Jesus – Ἰησοῦν· 2424 Iēsoun

“She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:21)

Judge – κριτής, 2923 kritēs

“Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that Day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearing.” (2Timothy 4:8)

Lamb – Ἀρνίου 721 Arniou

“And all who dwell on earth will worship it, everyone whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slain.” (Revelation 13:8)

Lamb of God – Ἀμνὸς 286 Amnos – Θεοῦ 2316 Theou

“The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29)

Leader and Commander – נָגִ֥יד 5057 nā-ḡîḏ – וּמְצַוֵּ֖ה 6680 ū-mə-ṣaw-wêh

“Behold, I made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander for the peoples.” (Isaiah 55:4)

The Life – ἡ 3588 hē – ζωή· 2222 zōē

“Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” (John 14:6)

Light of the World – φῶς 5457 phōs – τοῦ 3588 tou – κόσμου· 2889 kosmou

“Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” (John 8:12)

Lion of the Tribe of Judah – Λέων 3023 Leōn – φυλῆς 5443 phylēs – Ἰούδα, 2448 Iouda

“And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.” (Revelation 5:5)

Lord of All – Κύριος. 2962 Kyrios – πάντων 3956 pantōn

“As for the word that he sent to Israel, preaching good news of peace through Jesus Christ (he is Lord of all).” (Acts 10:36)

Lord of Glory – Κύριον 2962 Kyrion – δόξης 1391 doxēs

“None of the rulers of this age understood this, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.” (1Corinthians 2:8)

Lord is our Righteousness – יְהוָ֥ה ׀ 3068 Yah-weh – צִדְקֵֽנוּ׃ 6664 ṣiḏ-qê-nū.

“In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: ‘The LORD is our righteousness.’ (Jeremiah 23:6)

Living Water – ζῶν. 2198 zōn – ὕδωρ 5204 hydōr

“Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.” (John 4:10)

Lord of Lords – ΚΥΡΙΟΣ 2962 KYRIOS – ΚΥΡΙΩΝ. 2962 KYRIŌN

“On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.” (Revelation 19:16)

King of the Jews – βασιλεὺς 935 basileus – τῶν 3588 tōn – Ἰουδαίων; 2453 Ioudaiōn

“Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.” (Matthew 2:2)

Man of Sorrows – אִ֥ישׁ 376 ’îš – מַכְאֹב֖וֹת 4341 maḵ-’ō-ḇō-wṯ

“He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” (Isaiah 53:3)

Mediator – μεσίτης 3316 mesitēs

“For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” (1Timothy 2:5)

Master – Διδάσκαλε, 1320 Didaskale

“And a certain scribe came, and said unto him, Master; (teacher) I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.” (Matthew 8:19)

Messenger of the Covenant – וּמַלְאַ֨ךְ 4397 ū-mal-’aḵ – הַבְּרִ֜ית 1285 hab-bə-rîṯ

“Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the LORD of hosts.” (Malachi 3:1)

Messiah – מָשִׁ֣יחַ 4899 mā-šî-aḥ

“Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” (Daniel 9:25)

Mighty God – גִּבּ֔וֹר 1368 gib-bō-wr, – אֵ֣ל 410 ’êl

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

Mighty One – אֲבִ֥יר 46 ’ă-ḇîr

“You shall suck the milk of nations; you shall nurse at the breast of kings; and you shall know that I, the LORD, am your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.” (Isaiah 60:16)

Mine Elect – בְּחִירִ֖י 972 bə-ḥî-rî

“Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, (My Chosen one) in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.” (Isaiah 42:1)

Morning Star – πρωϊνός. 4407 prōinos – ἀστὴρ 792 astēr

“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” (Revelation 22:16)

Nazarene – Ναζαρέτ· 3478 Nazaret

“And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazarene.” (Matthew 2:23)

Only Begotten – μονογενὴς 3439 monogenēs

No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” (John 1:18)

Our Passover – πάσχα 3957 pascha – ἡμῶν 1473 hēmōn

“Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb has been sacrificed.” (1Corinthians 5:7)

Prince of Life – Ἀρχηγὸν 747 Archēgon – ζωῆς 2222 zōēs

“And killed the Prince (author) of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.” (Acts 3:15)

Prince of Kings – ἄρχων 758 archōn – βασιλέων 935 basileōn

“And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince (ruler) of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood.” (Revelation 1:5)

Prince of Peace – שַׂר־ 8269 śar- – שָׁלֽוֹם׃ 7965 šā-lō-wm.

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

Prophet – προφήτης 4396 prophētēs

“When the people saw the sign that he had done, they said, “This is indeed the Prophet who is to come into the world!” (John 6:14)

Redeemer – גֹּ֣אֲלִי 1350 gō-’ă-lî

“For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth.” (Job 19:25)

Resurrection and the Life – ἀνάστασις 386 anastasis – καὶ 2532 kai – ἡ 3588 hē – ζωή· 2222 zōē

“Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live.” (John 11:25)

Rock – πέτρα 4073 petra

“And all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.” (1Corinthians 10:4)

Root of David – ῥίζα 4491 rhiza – Δαυίδ, – 1138 Dauid

“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things for the churches. I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright morning star.” (Revelation 22:16)

Rose of Sharon – חֲבַצֶּ֣לֶת 2261 ḥă-ḇaṣ-ṣe-leṯ – הַשָּׁר֔וֹן 8289 haš-šā-rō-wn,

“I am a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys.” (Song of Solomon 2:1)

Savior – Σωτὴρ 4990 Sōtēr

“They said to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is indeed the Savior of the world.” (John 4:42)

Shepherd – Ποιμένα 4166 Poimena

“For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.” (1Peter 2:25)

Shiloh – (שִׁיל֔וֹ) 7886 (šî-lōw,

“The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” (Genesis 49:10)

Son of God – Υἱὸν 5207 Huion – Θεοῦ, 2316 Theou

“Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.” (Hebrews 4:14)

Son of the Blessed – Υἱὸν 5207 Huion – Εὐλογητοῦ; 2128 Eulogētou

“But he remained silent and made no answer. Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?” (Mark 14:61)

Son of David – Υἱὸν 5207 Huion – Δαυὶδ 1138 Dauid

“The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” (Matthew 1:1)

Son of the Highest – Υἱὸν 5207 Huion – Ὑψίστου 2564 Hypsistou

“He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David.” (Luke 1:32)

Sun of Righteousness – שֶׁ֣מֶשׁ 8121 še-meš – צְדָקָ֔ה 6666 ṣə-ḏā-qāh,

“But for you who fear my name, the sun of righteousness shall rise with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.” (Malachi 4:2)

The Just One – τοῦ 3588 tou – Δικαίου 1342 Dikaiou

“Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? And they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just (righteous) One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers.” (Acts 7:52)

True Vine – ἀληθινή, 228 alēthinē – ἄμπελος 288 ampelos

“I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.” (John 15:1)

The Way, the Truth, and the Life – Ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ὁδὸς καὶ ἡ ἀλήθεια καὶ ἡ ζωή

“Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” (John 14:6)

Wisdom of God – σοφίαν. 4678 sophian – Θεοῦ 2316 Theou

“But to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.” (1Corinthians 1:24)

Wonderful Counselor – פֶּ֠לֶא 6382 pe-le – יוֹעֵץ֙ 3289 yō-w-‘êṣ

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

Word – Λόγος, 3056 Logos

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1)

In conclusion, we can agree with the apostle Paul:

“Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him a name, which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the father.” (Philippians 2:9-11)

Mr. Kettler has previously published articles in the Chalcedon Report and Contra Mundum. He and his wife Marea attend the Westminster, CO, RPCNA Church. Mr. Kettler is the author of the book defending the Reformed Faith against attacks, titled: The Religion That Started in a Hat. Available at: http://www.TheReligionThatStartedInAHat.com

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